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Master Plan

Management Strategies


Management of the campus landscape is done with sensitivity to the special needs of a living learning environment. Safety of students, faculty, staff and visitors is always foremost and a guiding principle in design, pruning and management of pests. The arboretum strives not merely to assemble a diverse collection of teachable plants in a sustainable setting but to do so in a way that improves the quality of everyday life on campus.


Maintenance practices are developed in acknowledgement of the heavy use the landscape receives for recreational as well as academic purposes. Plant health is emphasized over pest control and a system of integrated pest management is used to keep pest populations below acceptable thresholds with environmentally sensitive means. Recycling of organic material helps to build better soils and better plant health. Recent pilot programs to determine feasibility of converting food waste from Dining Services into valuable soil amendments are under analysis.


Green roof designs have been incorporated on two campus buildings, Cumberland Hall and the Adele Stamp Student Union within the last several years. These vegetated roof systems exploit the ability of plants to absorb and transpire rainwater, slowing or eliminating storm water runoff, and to insulate structures from extremes of heat and cold, reducing heating and cooling costs and possibly extending the life of roofing structures as well as reducing heat island effects.


Rain gardens are used in and near parking lots to slow, cool and filter storm water before it reaches tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay. Cisterns which capture rainwater for use as needed to irrigate landscape plants have been incorporated in several areas, including Washington Quad and Knight Hall, further reduce the movement of excess storm water off campus. Installation of soil moisture sensors, reduced flow irrigation heads, and drip irrigation have further enhanced our ability to efficiently use a limited water resource in times of drought. Use of plants with lower moisture requirements and increased density and organic mulches also help to preserve moisture in the soil.


Campus as a community lives by a unique rhythm when compared with similar sized municipalities. Maintenance activities are planned to facilitate a pedestrian driven transportation system and to accommodate a wide variety of uses including special events, classes and recreational activities.


Native Garden