The Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia), a deciduous shrub that originates from North America, can be found on the University of Maryland campus as one of its Champion Trees near HJ Patterson. Unfortunately the Red Buckeye on campus suffered damage, most likely due to hammock usage or climbing, on Maryland Day 2017 and the current status is in question.
This tree can grow up to 12 to 15 feet in height, as well as 12 to 15 feet in width. It grows best with medium amount of water and sunlight and soil that is fertile and moist. However, along with full amount of sun, to protect the tree foliage it is important for it to have shade during some parts of the day especially when it is dry and hot out. It is known to be used as a hedge and ornamental tree due to its flowering characteristics.
The three things that grow on the Red Buckeye and are prominent at different seasons of the year are the flowers, leaves, and seeds. The flowers blossom in the spring with red and orange color that grows to a maximum of 10 inches long. The leaves on the tree are much more noticeable in the spring and summer months as they have a dark green color that makes them stand out. In the fall, the seeds, also known as buckeyes, grow to about 1 to 2 inches and are brown in color.
Seeing that it only requires a medium amount of maintenance, there are not many disease or pest problems associated with this tree. One disease that may occur is leaf blotch. When walking by the Red Buckeye, look for hummingbirds and butterflies, as they are often attracted to this tree. A fun fact about the red buckeye is where its name originates from; seeds which grows on the tree has a scar that goes down the capsule and looks similar to how a deer’s eye looks.
Missouri Botanical Garden: Aesculus pavia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2018, from http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.as...
Red BuckeyeAesculus pavia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2018, from https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=800
Written by Cameron Smith
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