Red Horse-Chestnut

The Red Horse-Chestnut (Aesculus x carnea), known to have a garden origin, can be found on campus near the Benjamin Building. It can grow 30 to 40 feet in height and 25 to 35 feet in width. The conditions that the Red Horse-Chestnut grows best in include a medium amount of water and medium to full amount of sun. The best soil conditions to grow in include an acidic, easily drained soil. It also requires a medium amount of maintenance when it comes to taking care of this tree. It can best be used in an open area such as a park or for shade, which makes the University of Maryland campus a perfect location.

The bark that makes up the Red Horse-Chestnut is usually a grey and brown color. There are two types of leaves growing on this tree, the first one is the palmate leaves that are compounded together and are a dark green color. The next type of leaf found on the tree is 5 to 7 ovate-oblong leaflets. One of the Red Horse-Chestnuts most known characteristics is its flowers, which makes it stand out amongst other trees nearby. The flowers grow in panicles upwards and can grow to about 6 to 8 inches long and are usually red in color. After the flowers blossom in May, they turn into nut capsules.

As a tree that requires some maintenance, there are a few diseases and pests that are known to possibly occur with this tree. The known diseases include leaf blotch, leaf spots, leaf scorch and powdery mildew. The known pests include bagworms, Japanese beetles, and borers. Although there are many known diseases and pests, as it continues to grow, it becomes a little disease resistant compared to other trees with similar issues.


Written by Cameron Smith


Works Cited:

Missouri Botanical Garden: Aesculus x carnea. (n.d.). Retrieved March 30, 2018, from

Red horse-chestnut. (n.d.). Retrieved March 30, 2018, from